Bouviers used for breeding should be healthy and at least 2 years old. They should also be tested for and certified free of genetic defects before being used for breeding. These defects include: Canine hip and elbow dysplasia, Eye disease such as Glaucoma or Progressive Retinal Atrophy, and Cardiac diseases. Reputable breeders are able to provide proof of testing in the form of certificates from the testing bodies (OFA, OVC, FCI, PennHip, etc.) or documentation from a qualified veterinarian. Because the genetic nature of these defects is not clearly known, testing of the parents is not an absolute guarantee that the offspring will not develop a genetic defect. However, testing will reduce the risk. Only by testing will breeders improve the genetic health of the breed. In Canada, it is against the law to sell dogs as "purebred" if they cannot be registered. Only puppies from parents registered with the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) or American Kennel Club (AKC) can be registered. In addition, the CKC prohibits breeders from charging extra for registration papers. Getting a bouvier: Things to think about Please be sure that a Bouvier is the right dog for you and your family and that you are prepared to care for the dog for its lifetime.